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Osmosis co-founder reveals cross staking by way of mesh safety in chainmail armor at Cosmoverse – Cryptospacey

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Osmosis founder Sunny Aggarwal took to the Comosverse stage in Medellin on September 26th to talk not about Omosis, but about network security technologies.

Aggarwal opened his speech with a 40-pound suit of chain mail, which he “bordered on two continents…with a one-line joke.” Considering the gathering environment already seen at the convention, the armor was in line with the mood of the occasion.

online security sunny Aggarwal
Delivery: Cosmosverse 22

The political compass of community coordination

Aggarwal began his speech seriously, talking about the difference in community coordination. The chart below has a striking subsection of community varieties, with economic left and right on the x-axis and authoritarian and libertarian on the y-axis. The image is a variant of the political compass, often used to determine the differences between those on the left or right of the political spectrum.

political networks
Delivery: Cosmoverse

The image “really spoke to me,” admitted Aggarwal, who referred to it as “kind of a meme … but it’s a great mannequin to outline community buildings.” He went on to clarify that the authoritarian economic left and the authoritarian economic right are mostly based on traditional community architectures that we find in the net 2.0 model of the web.

Aggarwal acknowledged that authoritarian technologies have “concentrated agents of failure … and we need to build network technologies.” Not discounting authoritarian techniques leaves both “consensus coordination” or “new coordination” techniques under the libertarian banner.

The picture’s inexperienced techniques (Coordination by Consensus) are built using consensus protocols. Aggarwal gave examples of the consensus protocol in the Tendermint BFT consensus system or the idea of ​​conventional democracy. Nevertheless, Aggarwal claimed it

“The issue is that these inexperienced technologies don’t scale very well because they require n-squared communication.”

The problem with the scalability of consensus protocols is one thing that Aggarwal claimed to have recognized when developing Cosmos, and thus Inter-Blockchain Communication (IBC) was invented. IBC was a tactic based on Aggarwal that allowed “inexperienced subsystems” to talk to each other.

Nevertheless, a community of “unexperienced subsystems” can develop directly into an extra-authoritarian system if a particular community sits as a metatopology at the heart of the general community. Aggarwal argued that Polkadot parachains or Ethereum using roll-ups are the best examples of this.

“If we just find ourselves recreating this with Cosmos, I feel like all the Cosmos experiments were a waste of time…we didn’t actually accomplish anything.”

Aggarwal argued that this scalability challenge means that “we want mesh technologies,” but “voting doesn’t work at the cross-chain stage.” He later settled on the “yellow techniques” in the chart above, which stand for “quick coordination.”

NATO security technology

The Osmosis founder reasoned that the Cosmos ecosystem has already formed a network system, just like the “yellow system” on the map. Cosmos’ IBC system allows threads that want to talk at least to each other, but doesn’t force such a relationship to the entire community.

Aggarwal argued throughout the security world that NATO is one of the best forms of the “yellow system” in the real world. In NATO, each nation is a sovereign nation with internal assurances and a community structure. However, if attacked, Article 5 states that each different member must protect it.

NATO mesh security
Delivery: Cosmoverse

Aggarwal believes that the NATO case is immediately related to cross-chain security. Currently, validators validate their own blockchains.

Security variations between chains

Model 1 of cross-chain security is where one set of validators only validates one other sovereign blockchain. Aggarwal realized that this technique is just like an enhancement of block measurement and thus is neither final nor new.

Another model of cross-chain security, defined by Aggarwal, could be where a subset of validators fully validates one other sovereign blockchain. This model is known in different ecosystems as “sharing”. It is highly scalable and does not require consensus to add additional blockchains. Nevertheless, Aggarwal argued that this model nevertheless lacks the overall sovereignty of a true networked system.

In the third model, Aggarwal presented a system where Cosmos validates its blockchain, and a subset of Cosmos validators validates Osmoos. At the same time, the sovereign validator installed in Osmosis additionally validates its personal blockchain.

However, in the third model, Cosmos acts as a centralized “red” fault level for the entire ecosystem, as shown in the image below.

space safety
Delivery: Cosmoverse

The answer to the model’s three centralization challenges, Aggarwal proposed, is to allow Osmosis-like chains to validate the Cosmos chain through a subset of Osmosis validators, forming an online community.

“All Cosmos chains are each supplier and customer chain… it will be an online community of security.”

Cosmos mesh security
Delivery: Cosmoverse

Cross-fixing and the way forward to ensure network security

Aggarwal then presented that approximately 75% of Osmosis validator units additionally use Juno validators, while 72% of Juno validators additionally validate Osmosis.

This is not an increase in centralization, Aggarwal argued, but a form of “distributed security” where malicious validators on one chain can be cut off on another chain with governance.

Aggarwal introduced the idea of ​​crucifixion within the Cosmos ecosystem to codify this shared security. The crossover would allow validators to leverage rewards across the Cosmos ecosystem by using IBC to “broadcast events and correlate their identification across each chain.”

To avoid centralization, all delegates choose the validator with the best rewards because they participate in cross-validation. Aggarwal specified that delegators can additionally stake a separate validator.

Additionally, Aggarwal clarified that smaller chains would be able to limit the voting energy of different chains to protect against 67% attacks.

Like Aggarwal, cross-betting is more likely to be attractive to chains with excessive financial interdependence. Chains like Osmosis and Axelar or Osmosis and Mars share thousands and thousands of {dollars} in financial burden. Thus, flexibility in protecting each other is the biggest goal of each event.

Viewer discretion is advised.

As a little easter egg and to showcase the casual nature of the occasion, before Aggarwal’s speech, below is a clip of the Cosmoverse opening. The Cosmoverse convention started with a sample of Eminem’s “Forgot about Dre” and lyrics that were changed to suit the Cosmos chain. The phrases of the chorus learn,

“Nowadays every brand wants to talk like they got the use case. Nothing shows up, they tell you to buy a dip, just a bunch of nonsense; what the hell was that? Like Cosmos is not nice.”

A clip of the song is evidenced below. Viewer discretion is advised as there is excessive jerking in some scenes.

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